Daniel Albohn, The Pennsylvania State University
Computationally Predicting Human Impressions for Neutral Faces
Much attention has been applied to training computers to automatically recognize human emotion from faces. Despite advances in technology, little work has focused on training computers to predict impressions from neutral faces. My dissertation will develop a neural network to detect subtle emotionality in neutral faces which will be used to predict both human impressions of neutral faces, as well as other appearance cues that are correlated with certain emotions (e.g., maturity, health).
Analia Albuja, Rutgers University
Contextual factors in discrimination attributions for identity questioning: Exploring the target and perceiver perspective
Bicultural Americans are often excluded from the American cultural group through identity questioning (e.g., "Where are you really from?"). Such questioning could imply they are not seen as American or could be driven by genuine curiosity. This ambiguity leads to variations in bicultural Americans' tendency to view identity questioning as discrimination. Six studies will investigate discrimination attributions for identity questioning from Asian American targets of identity questioning and observers (namely, Asian Americans and White Americans).
Katie E. Garrison, Texas A&M University
Performance Incentives Increase the Subjective Experience of Mental Effort
Mental effort is generally considered aversive and costly to expend. My dissertation investigates the effects of performance incentives (e.g., money) on subjective experiences of mental effort during a difficult task. In two studies we found that incentives increased feelings of effort. A third study will examine this effect over time. If incentives enhance feelings of effort, then they may cause faster burnout and a steeper drop in performance over time compared to no incentive.
Maria Stelzer, The University of Arizona
"Beyond goodbye": Daily emotion regulation from living others and thoughts of deceased loved ones
Social support is critical during bereavement, a time characterized by heightened emotional intensity and decreased self-regulation. My dissertation uses a daily diary method to investigate whether emotion regulation attempts from living loved ones affect widow(er)s' daily wellbeing and grief. In addition, it examines the role of mental interactions with the deceased for individuals' health, given that over half of survivors maintain an internal relationship with the deceased beyond death.
Sanaz Talaifar, The University of Texas at Austin
Interactive Effects of Personality and Digital Media Use on Authoritarian Attitudes
Why is authoritarianism on the rise globally? Past work has shown that feelings of threat are the primary cause of authoritarian attitudes. I suggest that increases in digital media use may be acting as a catalyst for authoritarian attitudes by increasing people's perceptions of threat. Threat-sensitive neurotic individuals might be particularly influenced by a threat-inducing online environment. Thus, my dissertation will investigate whether digital media use increases authoritarian attitudes particularly among those high on neuroticism.
, Columbia University Matching Social Support to Self-Regulatory Needs
Social support has been proposed as a key mechanism underlying the health-promoting effects of close relationships. However, empirical evidence indicates that support can be both beneficial and costly for recipients. My dissertation aims to reconcile these mixed findings by proposing that support that addresses recipients' self-regulatory needs uniquely fosters beneficial support outcomes and that such support has important downstream implications for individual self-regulation as well as how partners within a dyad regulate as a unit.
2018 - R. Thora Bjornsdottir, University of Glasgow
Investigating the pervasiveness of social class cues in the face
One’s social class exerts a broad impact on one’s life—even subtly influencing facial appearance, as my previous work has found. My dissertation research expands upon this work, testing (1) whether social class broadly defined (vs. only certain facets of it, e.g., income) is visible in the face, (2) whether faces reflect only one’s background social class or also suggest future class standing, and (3) which facial cues (e.g., affect, attractiveness) signal one’s class.
2018 - Katharina Block, University of British Columbia
Examining Internal and External Barriers to Men’s Communal Orientation
In 4 chapters and a total 9 studies, this dissertation work examined how cultural stereotypes shape (relatively low) communal values among men and boys. Specifically, the work examine when stereotypes are learned that link communion to women, how these stereotypes constrain communal self-concept in men and boys, and how gender differences in basic communal values in turn shape gender differences in career orientation.
2018 - Kimberly Chaney, Rutgers University
Cognitive Mechanism and Outcomes of Identity Cue Transfers
Across six studies, my dissertation will examine cognitive and behavioral outcomes of identity cue transfers, specifically White women’s working memory and social distancing when exposed to an individual endorsing anti-Black attitudes (outgroup identity threat cue) or to a Black male role model (outgroup identity safety cue). Additionally, I will seek to demonstrate an overlapping cognitive network of racism and sexism by examining preconscious attentional bias to sexism and rejection cues after an outgroup identity cue.
2018 - Maya Rossignac-Milon, Columbia University
Merged Minds: Shared Reality in Interpersonal Relationships
Understanding how humans form and maintain interpersonal connections is paramount in an increasingly divided world. My dissertation examines the role of shared reality—the experience of having thoughts and feelings about the world in common with another person—in fostering interpersonal closeness. Using a combination of dyadic interaction studies, intensive longitudinal paradigms, and lab experiments, I investigate shared reality as a key predictor of closeness both between newly-acquainted and established relationship partners.
2018 - Kate Turetsky, Columbia University
Stress, identity, and social connection among students: A social network approach to psychological intervention
Strategies to improve academic outcomes often focus on building individual knowledge, skills, and psychological resources. Yet, research shows that the social environment of the classroom is as important for success, especially for students from underrepresented groups. Using mixed methods, my dissertation examines how classroom social context shapes students’ peer social networks, how these networks drive academic outcomes, and how theory-driven interventions can strengthen students’ networks to improve equity, persistence, and success in academic settings.
2017 - Olivia Atherton, University of California, Davis
Antecedents and Consequences of Effortful Control from Late Childhood to Young Adulthood
Why do some individuals develop the capacity to effectively regulate their behavior, whereas others have difficulty controlling their impulses and consistently succumb to temptation? My research examines the antecedents and consequences of the temperamental trait of effortful control. Using multi-method longitudinal data spanning ages 10 to 20, I have documented numerous psychological, familial, and sociocultural influences on effortful control, as well as how effortful control co-develops with delinquency, school behavioral problems, and psychiatric disorders.
2017 – Andrew G. Christy, Texas A&M University
Perceptions of Persons and their Purposes: Teleology and Inferences About Personal Identity
Five studies test whether teleological (i.e., purpose-based) intuitions explain the belief that persons’ true selves are morally good. Specific hypotheses are that moral traits are perceived as more purpose-related and identity-relevant than other traits (Study 1), that manipulations of general and specific teleological beliefs will affect identity-related judgments (Studies 2 and 3), and that effects of moral changes on identity-related judgments will depend on whether those changes affect persons’ purposive activity (Studies 4A and 4B).
2017 – Jason Deska, Miami University
They’re all the same to me: Homogeneous groups are denied mind
Although ascribing sophisticated, human-like minds to others is central to social cognition and behavior, dehumanization is an all-too-common phenomenon. My dissertation investigates a specific characteristic of groups—homogeneity—that may influence dehumanizing judgments. Specifically, my dissertation research examines whether homogeneous groups are dehumanized compared to heterogeneous groups and the extent to which this homogeneity-based dehumanization leads to both decreased prosocial and increased antisocial behavior.
2017 – Franki Kung, University of Waterloo
Lay Theories of Goal Models
Being able to regulate multiple goals effectively is essential for well-being, yet how people think about the relations among their goals is not well understood. My dissertation examines individuals’ lay theories of goal models (i.e., beliefs about the organizing principles of their multiple goals: hierarchical, network, sequential) and their diverse implications for self-regulation effectiveness. This research aims to advance the literature on goals and self-regulation and to promote success in critical self-regulatory challenges.
2017 – Randi Proffitt Leyva, Texas Christian University
Examining the Impact of Childhood Environmental Unpredictability on Ghrelin Dysregulation
My previous research focused on the relationship between childhood unpredictability, body awareness, and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH). EAH is a major factor influencing obesity. In my dissertation, I will extend this work by examining whether childhood unpredictability impacts EAH through adaptive calibration of a hormonal mechanism, specifically ghrelin, commonly known as “the hunger hormone.” This work will contribute to a growing body of literature using an evolutionary perspective to better understand the adaptive utility of seemingly maladaptive health behaviors.
2017 – Chelsea Schein, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Beyond Nasty Women & Deplorables: Bridging Political Divides by Focusing on the Common Denominator of Harm
Political polarization is a prevalent and increasingly salient challenge in the United States. While liberals and conservatives hold opposing moral views, a new theory of moral psychology, the Theory of Dyadic Morality, suggests that these views are unified by a common denominator of harm. This dissertation tests whether appeals to this common denominator reduces the dehumanization of political opponents and increases willingness to engage in bipartisan conversations.
2017 – Haran Sened, Bar Ilan University
Improving couples’ empathic accuracy: development of a brief intervention and analysis of its effects.
Empathic Accuracy (EA) is the extent to which people correctly identify others' thoughts and feelings. Previous research has suggested that EA might be important for romantic partners. My aim is to develop a brief intervention which can increase couples' EA towards one another by motivating them to be more accurate and giving them appropriate feedback. This intervention will be tested in a lab setting and, through a diary study, in couples' daily lives.
2017 – Vivian P. Ta, University of Texas at Arlington
Opposing Attitudes in Controversial Discussions: The Role of Latent Semantic Similarity in Computer-Mediated Interactions
Technology has made it easier to engage in discussions with diverse others via computer-mediated communication. However, negative behaviors (e.g., flaming) can often occur in this type of interaction. Theories of conflict communication suggest that this stems from the inability to develop latent semantic similarity, an essential process in the establishment of common-ground understanding. My dissertation tests this theory and identifies the characteristics that influence the development of common-ground understanding in contentious text-based computer-mediated discussions.
2017 – Sarah Ward, University of Missouri
Gender, Emotion, and Morality
Gender differences in morality have been debated throughout history, yet they remain poorly understood. Do women and men differ in their propensity towards immoral personally-advantageous actions like lying to get ahead or cheating to win money? Using a mix of correlational and experimental designs, my dissertation research examines whether gender differences in emotional experiences (i.e., empathy; guilt/shame proneness) account for potential disparities in moral decision-making.
2017 – Marika Yip- Bannicq, New York University
Construal Enhanced Conflict Management: The Role of Abstraction in the Regulation of Conflict in Romantic Relationships
How romantic couples engage in conflict is essentially tied to both individual and relationship well-being, yet the socio-cognitive mechanisms of constructive conflict management are not well understood. My dissertation tests the proposition that high level construals facilitate constructive conflict management by investigating the influence of adopting a high versus low level construal of one’s relationships on how couples approach, engage in and resolve important conflicts and regulate relationship conflict in daily life.
2016 - William Brady, New York University
Moral Contagion: How Emotion Shapes Diffusion of Moral Ideas in Social Networks
My dissertation explores what factors makes moral and political ideas most likely to spread to others. Specifically, I use a combination of behavioral, psychophysiological and social media methods to investigate 'moral contagion', or the process by which morally-framed emotion expression leads to greater diffusion of ideas in social networks. In the dissertation I also study the psychological processes that underlie moral contagion and its boundary conditions.
2016 - Kassandra Cortes, University of Waterloo
Perceiving Relationship Success through a Motivational Lens: A Regulatory Focus Perspective
In my dissertation research, I am examining how the qualities that contribute to relationship success depend on the motivational (regulatory focus) orientation of the individual. In initial studies I found that promotion-focused people value growth-related qualities in their relationships, while prevention-focused people prioritize security-related qualities. I am now examining how the same relationship-enhancing intervention can be framed in different ways to serve both growth and security needs. The goal of this research is to better understand what makes relationships work (and work better).
2016 - Brittany Jakubiak, Carnegie Mellon University
Hand-in-hand combat: An experimental test of affectionate touch to promote relational well-being and buffer stress during couple conflict
Romantic couples benefit from having constructive rather than destructive conflicts, but there have been limited attempts to influence conflict behaviors and to reduce the stress of relational conflicts using non-intensive interventions. My dissertation research will test experimentally whether engaging in affectionate touch (i.e., holding hands) before and during a conflict promotes positive relational behaviors and perceptions and buffers the stress of the conflict.
2016 - Jinhyung Kim, Texas A&M University
In Pursuit of Existential Meaning: Motivation to Search for Meaning Facilitates Experiential Purchases Over Material Purchases
People are fundamentally motivated to search for meaning, but what do people actually do when they want to find meaning in their lives? My dissertation aims to illuminate types of daily activities people engage in as they are motivated to search for meaning. Specifically, my dissertation research examines whether the motivation to search for meaning fosters the preference for experiential purchases (e.g., going to European vacation) over material purchases (e.g., buying jewelry). The potential increase in meaning in life via experiential purchases may be driven by multiple underlying mechanisms such as social relatedness, competence, intrinsic motivation, true self-knowledge, and positive affect.
2016 - Yeonjeong Kim, Carnegie Mellon University
Detecting the Moral Character of Strangers: The Hidden Information Distribution and Evaluation (HIDE) Model
The ability to correctly judge other people’s moral character—their disposition to think, feel, and behave ethically—allows us to predict and possibly prevent unethical behaviors that harm individuals and society. My dissertation proposes a new theoretical framework of person perception—the HIDE mode—, and uses this framework to develop a battery of interview questions designed to covertly reveal strangers’ moral character through their spontaneous written responses. I examine the validity of these interview-based moral character judgments by testing how well they predict unethical behaviors.
2016 - Erin Westgate, University of Virginia
Why Boredom is Interesting
What is boredom, why do we experience it, and what happens when we do? According to the Motivational and Attentional Components (MAC) model, we feel bored when we can't successfully engage our attention in meaningful activities. We may not enjoy it, but boredom gives us important feedback about our lives; it tells us whether we want to and are able to do something. My dissertation proposes and tests this new model of state boredom.
2016 - Ashley Whillans, The University of British Columbia
Exchanging cents for seconds: The happiness benefits of choosing time over money
In a typical day and across a lifetime, people face trade-offs related to time and money. These trade-offs play a role in major decisions such as whether to choose a higher paying career that demands longer hours (vs. making less money and having more free time) and in mundane decisions, such as whether to spend a Saturday afternoon cleaning gutters (or paying someone else to do it). My dissertation examines the (1) happiness benefits of choosing time over money and explores (2) how to help people use their money to buy themselves more and better time.
2015 - Jeffrey Bowen, University of California, Santa Barbara
2015 - David Chester, University of Kentucky
2015 - Allison Farrell, University of Minnesota
2015 - Nicole Lawless DesJardins, University of Oregon
2015- Chadly Stern, New York University
2015 - Konstantin Tskhay, University of Toronto
- Alyssa Croft, University of British Columbia
- Patrick Forscher, University of Wisconsin
- Nathan Hudson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign